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One of the most dramatic rescues that has ever occurred is the deliverance of the children of Israel from the plague of death and from Egyptian slavery.
Israel and the Exodus .—The principal events of the Mosaic dispensation were the exodus from Egypt and the establishment of Israel as an independent nation, under the leadership of their great prophet and lawgiver, Moses. Both these events foreshadowed greater ones, namely: the world's deliverance from the bondage of sin and death, and the establishment upon earth of the Kingdom that shall stand forever.
In many ways this rescue symbolizes an even greater rescue which is our deliverance from sin and death through the Savior’s atoning sacrifice. A study of this event will encourage us to trust the Lord to fulfill his promises, to increase our appreciation for the Savior’s atoning sacrifice, and to make the sacrament more meaningful in our lives. Three very important needs in our daily lives to help us return to our home with Father.
So, lets talk some history.
Jacob, as we have we learned, and his family moved to Egypt, the Israelites lived there for 430 years. During that time, a Pharaoh arose who enslaved them and imposed heavy burdens on them. As Joseph had prophesied, the Lord raised up Moses to deliver the children of Israel 2 Nephi 3:10
We all know the story of the birth of Moses, how he was saved, and raised in the house of Pharaoh, as the son of his daughter; but little is said of the youth of Moses. Stephen, however, in the New Testament gives us this insight: "And when he was cast out, Pharaoh's daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds" Acts 7:21-22
"And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian" Acts 7:23-24
When Pharaoh found out about this act of Moses, he sought to slay him. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian." Exodus 2:15
I must admit when reading this account of Moses the first thing I thought of was "The Ten Commandments" movie. But not much was actually said about Moses during this time in the scriptures. So we move to Midian where things begin.
In Midian, Moses became acquainted with Reuel or Jethro. Jethro was a descendant of Abraham and Moses married his daughter Zipporah, who she bore him two sons. In reading this part of the scripture most assume that it was here that Moses began to be taught the true gospel, however with the blessing of revelation we learn more.
Robert J. Matthews: "The Bible informs us that Moses, while in Midian for forty years, became the son-in-law of Jethro and the keeper of the sheep; but this record is silent about any spiritual activities of Moses during this period. In fact it says only that Jethro was the priest of Midian. However, from modern revelation we learn that it was Jethro (a descendant of Abraham through Abraham's wife Keturah and thus a non-Israelite) who ordained Moses to the Melchizedek Priesthood (D&C 84:6). This was done through a priesthood line outside of Israel. We are accustomed to thinking of ancient priesthood holders such as Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Ephraim, and so on, but here we learn that others also had the holy priesthood of God." (A Bible! A Bible!, p60)
As Moses was tending the flocks of Jethro at Mt. Horeb or Sinai, he was visited by the Lord.(Exodus 3:2) "And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush."
The Joseph Smith Translation, however reads a bit different giving us better understanding: "And again, the presence of the Lord appeared unto him, in a flame of fire in the midst of a bush." (Joseph Smith Translation Exodus 3:2). With this translation we can see that Moses was being taught and groomed before this meeting but it was here that Moses was officially called by the Lord for his mission to free Israel.
2. Moses Called by the Lord Exodus 3-4
How did the Lord call Moses to deliver Israel from bondage? Exodus 3:1–4.